Magnetic Mayhem

I am preparing to move this month and have been going through all the old computers my sister and I have accumulated while staying together. There were a total of seven needing disposal. One got sold at a garage sale and the other six were disassembled and recycled.

The main concern though when getting rid of old hardware is the magnetic media. What happens to the hard drives and the data on them? If you throw them away, they can be picked up at the dump, mounted in a new machine, and searched. Your data is still there. Formatting your drive or deleting your files won’t solve the problem. All that does is remove the FAT (File Allocation Table) data. The actual file is still there and it is pretty easy to recover. Personal data such as passwords, e-mail, credit card numbers, social security numbers, tax data, the fact that you are a closet Hello Kitty fan… it’s all there for the taking.

So how to destroy it? The simplest way is to do a data wipe. My favorite tool is called Darik’s Boot and Nuke (DBAN). It comes as an ISO file that you have to burn onto a CD, then you boot from the CD, and choose your options. I usually just type DOD and go read a book. The program then writes over the entire surface of the drive seven times. No basic criminal is going to bother trying to get your data back from that. The only guys who have the resources to get data back from that have expensive labs at their beck and call. Criminals don’t have that.

Don’t wanna do that? Let’s try something else then.

jobstart

In my move preparations, I found four more leftover hard drives that needed destruction. Pictured above are three old Western Digital drives, and behind my eager assistant, is an unmarked drive which we think may have been an IBM DeskStar, but we really aren’t sure.

The Plan? Disassembly. I’d rather take them outside and burn a bit of thermite on top of them, but I imagine that something like that would be illegal, or at least frowned upon by the neighborhood association.

The Tools: Screwdrivers – with a set of hex heads.

The bottom of the hard drive has some screws holding a circuit board to the main body. You can leave that there. If you want to though it comes off easily. Only screws hold it on. The printed circuit board only has contact connections to the body – no wires.

The top screws are what you need to remove. Some of the screws may not be obvious. Two of the Western Digital drives had screws hidden under the labels. These are old drives, but they do this on newer ones as well.

hiddenscrews

On these older drives I found a feature I hadn’t seen before. After the screws had been removed there was a metallic tape around the edge of the drives’ top plate. If your drive has something like this, just find the end of the tape and pull it off. Don’t worry too much about the voided warranty warning. We’re destroying the drive anyway.

warrantytape

Once you get the top of the drive off, you have access to the guts of the drive.

guts

If you are into just destroying your data, right now you can do all kinds of stuff to the actual hard drive platteres themselves. Me, I start taking everything apart because there are some cool bits inside these things. The shiny metal platters themselves could make some nifty “code ninja shuriken” is you have the tools to work aluminum. The platter retaining rings and spacers I give to my sister so she can make geek bling jewelry. The really cool stuff though is under the metal bracket. REALLY powerful rare earth magnets! Fun stuff if, like me, you never grew up.

If you were more serious about data destruction, take the platters and shred them (somewhat difficult as they are metallic) or go at them with a blow torch. A propane torch flame can exceed 1900C and if the platter is heated to a high enough temperature, the thin-film magnetic coating will either reach it’s Curie point or the platter itself will melt. That is safe and complete data destruction.

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My Testimony…

In my last post, not even an hour ago, I mentioned Firefox and AdBlock. I think I must say more about these wonderful programs.

About Firefox, if you are using Windows and Microsoft’s Internet Explorer you should give Firefox a try. It’s more secure, more customizable, more stylish and let’s face it, all the cool nerds are using it.

Spreadfirefox Affiliate Button

Next we have AdBlock which is an extension for Firefox. Extensions are little programs you can download for Firefox and it’s Mozilla stablemates (I’m also a big fan of Thunderbird) that allow you to extend your program and add whatever features you think your web browser needs. AdBlock removes ads, banners, and can stop some Internet nastiness by blocking some unscrupulous “advertising” companies. I use it on most sites, but I disable it on respectable sites I want to support, like BoingBoing, /., WordPress, and the like. Get yourself some Firefox and install AdBlock – you’ll like it.

If for some reason you can’t use Firefox and AdBlock there is another way on a windows system to stop a lot of ads, but I’ll have to save that for another time.

PS: Can’t install software at work? Same here. Get yourself a nice little USB key and go to portableapps.com. You can get a nice version of Firefox and some other really good software there that can run off your thumbdrive without requiring installation.

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Opt-Out Nirvana

Something useful I found on /. in their “Your Rights Online” section: a list of very handy opt-out pages. Though it is for the “World Privacy Forum,” the list is very US-centric. I personally went for number two and number ten. A quick note for the NAI opt-out: if you are using the page with Firefox, make sure you have the site whitelisted for AdBlock or it just won’t work properly.

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Evil Key – I Revoke Thee

Another lovely lesson learned. Do not embed a picture in your GnuPG key even if it is an option. The older keyservers may not support it. My key was rejected by the MIT Keyserver for that reason, so I revoked it and am currently making a new one.

As I typed that my new key completed generation and it has been uploaded to the keyserver. If you’re interested, here it is:

—–BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK—–
Version: GnuPG v1.4.9 (GNU/Linux)
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=t8oQ
-----END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK-----
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